Background The war mingled with Athens and the Athenian empire versus Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, and varied members of the Peloponnesian Confederacy 431 - 404 B.C.E. Large scale campaigns and heavy contravene took place from Sicily to the coast of Asia Minor and from the Hellespont and Thrace to Rhodes. It was the first war in history to be recorded by an eyewitness historian of the gameyest calibre. It has come down through history as the first war surrounded by a commercial democracy and an rough aristocracy and a war between a nautical superpower and a continental military machine. The war began on 4 April 431 B.C. with a Theban attempt to surprise Plataea, Athens coadjutor and outpost on the northern base of Cithaeron. It ended on 25 April 404 B.C., when Athens capitulated. Causes The infralying cause of the war was Spartas veneration of the growth of the power of Athens. This is Thucydides own final judgment. Peloponnesian warfare: Phase 1 (431-427) In a war between the main military and main naval powers in Greece a decisive result was unlikely to occur quickly. When the spartans invaded, the rural majority rule of Attica moved into the city. Athens became an island impregnable to attack.
Its great fleet would full the empire against revolts from within and attacks from without and take the offensive to raid the Peloponnesian coast. Meanwhile, The Periclean strategy also had weaknesses. He was too fearful of the force-out that high casualties would have on public sentiment in a democracy, if he had conducted more aggressive offensive military actions. He had n ot seen the opportunities for combined land ! and naval actions to get under ones skin a higher intensity of war to Spartan district with little risk in order to speed the core group of the attrition on Sparta. The defect essentially was that the Athenian peoples esprit de corps proved unequal to the strain, and, after his death, hie into rash attempts to over-reach their means. Meanwhile, the Spartans were unemotional person and persistent in the face...If you inadequacy to get a panoptic essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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