Friday, 8 March 2019
Napoleon Bonaparte, a Man of War
nap Bonaparte origin to indicant was because of his strong army he formed and his strategy for win wars so far his f both came when he went to Russia intending to whacking them but lost. cat sleeps policies were to image freedom and equality for the hoi polloi and to give the peck the education they needed. sleep Bonaparte was born snoozee di Buonaparte in Corsica, August 15, 1769. He was a gauzy child, and often was teased by his classmates when he was enrolled in phalanx college at a truly early age in 1777, and it is believed that this influenced the determination he had to win later in life.Later, he went to Ecole Militaire ( in like manner known as military school) from 1784 to 1785. similarly in 1785, he graduated with the rank of second lieutenant. large(p) things were expected of nap. How ever, no one could save guessed that he would go on to make history. nap was a rising star in the French military. A general at the age of 27, he had won the wonderwork for cet of France thanks to his leadership, military talents, and personal talents. Yet his talents lay not in originality but in his stunningly innovative adaptations of military strategies and tactics substantial in the eighteenth century and during the Revolution.While in the military, he won more battles over Austria. In 1795, the people of France tired of the Reign of Terror, revolted, executing some leaders of the Terror. The Directory took index number. On sleeps return to France, he found that many people were very dissatisfied with the Directory. With the support of his soldiery, he overthrew them and became Frances new dictator, naming himself branch Consul for life. The votes of the popular approved of this hunt down. He was pertinacious to succeed in life. His prime(prenominal) real military action was a great success.He was captain of hired gun during the siege of Toulon, where he captured several important strongholds, and forced the retreat of British naval fleets. He became Brigadier General while campaigning in Italy, but was arrested and jailed there for be an associate of the brother of the penalise Maxamillion Robespierre. After getting out of jail, he continued on to bring home the bacon scour more military greatness. sleep strategy in winning wars was brilliant. When he confronted an army stretched out onward him, skilled marksmen threw the opponents advance forces into dis set about and assessed the opposing armys weakest point.The concentration of noxious artillery fire- sleep once referred to the twelve-pound cannons as his beautiful daughters-prepared the war for the breach of the infantry columns. The speed of his armys movement was such that he could rapidly attack and surpass part of an enemy army before reinforcements could arrive. Napoleons genius was his ability to organize, oversee and assure the supply of and communication between larger armies than had ever before been effectively assembled, and to move t hem more rapidly than anyone before him. All of his success earned him a dictator of France.As a dictator Napoleon make many reforms to France. Napoleon was influenced by the Enlightenment which made him believe that the church service should not have an institutional role in the affairs of state. He said that high society cannot exist without some being richer than others and this inequality cannot exist without religion. No papal bull could be read in Frances church without consent of the government the clergy would have to read official government decrees from the pulpit. Under Napoleon, the church gained the freedom of religious practice, but at the expense of some of its independence.Napoleon also gave freedom of religion. Napoleon granted Protestants and Jews state protection to practice their religion. An term of the concordat guaranteed freedom of worship for people in both religions. Also Napoleon created a new social hierarchy based not on blood but on service to the s tate, particularly in the army and bureaucracy and on ownership of property. Napoleon also conventional the Bank of France in 1800 which facilitated the states ability to borrow money. He followed the Directorys policy of abandoning the grossly inflated paper money of the Revolution, which stabilised Frances currency.He facilitated the assessment and collection of taxes, ordering a land look back of the entire country upon which direct taxes were to be based. And he expanded the consequence of indirect taxes collected on salt, tobacco, and liquor, as easy as on goods brought into any town of over 5,000 inhabitants. Education also became a long priority for Napoleon because in a country in which closely half the population was illiterate, he believed that schools could create patriotic and obedient citizens with teaching secular values that would ultimately link education to nationalism.In 1802, Napoleon established state secondary schools called lycees, thirty-seven of which w ere operating six long time later, for the relatively few boys who went beyond primary school. Students read only textbooks approved by the emperor and in 1808, he created Frances first public university system. Education became seen as a value in itself, as well as a means of social ascension. After a while, Napoleon created the Napoleonic ordinance. This code made the rights of property owners sacrosanct. The code, over 2000 articles long, enshrined the equality of all people before the law and the freedom of religion.The subsequent Penal Code of 1810 proclaimed the freedom to work that forbade associations of workers associations. Many of the policies had positive effects on the country however they had negative side effects on the people and the economy. massive Britain alone was one of the strongest forces in the defeat of Napoleon. On land, Napoleon was successful against the British, but on sea the British controlled every estuary. Great Britain also created the Orders of C ouncil, which ordered neutral nations not to trade with France.This was much more effective than Napoleons Continental System because Great Britain controlled the seas. Napoleon had many problems that were unrelated to the Quadruple Alliance. When he issued the Decrees of Berlin and Milan, Portugal was not happy because they cherished to trade with Britain. To subdue Portugal, French troops had to cross Spain. Soon troops were forced to occupy Spain as well as Portugal. When the Spanish revolted, Napoleon appointed his brother Joseph as Monarch. The Spanish found this to be very disrespectful to have a foreign ruler appointed, and thus fought with even greater passion and desire.Assisting the Spaniards in ultimately freeing themselves from Napoleons control was the English army under the command of Arthur. Wellesley was later made the Duke of Wellington, where he would take an even more major role in Napoleons defeat. This war with Spain, based on a rise of nationalism, was the beg inning of the end for Napoleon. There were also many more problems with rebellions by Austria and Russia. Alexander I of Russia broke his Alliance with Napoleon, due to Russias failing economy. This led to Napoleon suffering what is considered to be his worst defeat ever when he went to war with Russia.This defeat was largely due to the French being pushed by the Russians towards the torched city of Moscow. Here they froze, starved or were killed in battle. This defeat encouraged other countries to try for victory. Although allied nations did combine to inflict another(prenominal) defeat for Napoleon at the battle of Leipzig in 1813, it must be noted that the Quadruple Alliance was not officially established at this time and there were many other influences that led to Napoleons decline. Napoleons defeat at the Battle of Waterloo was not determined because of he Quadruple Alliance, but rather it was due to tactical mistakes on behalf of Napoleon. Napoleon made the mistake of entrus ting his armies to inferior generals such as Ney, who had no real education, and Marshal Emmanuel de Grouchy, who lacked the charismatic spirit that Napoleons men needed before battle. He also made the mistake of underestimating his opponents. Napoleons health was also to blame for his defeat. At Waterloo he suffered an array of aliments such as stomach pains, and pneumonia. His actions were sluggish he was slow in issuing commands, and responding to messages.While Napoleon misjudged his opponents, Wellington did not. Wellington had fought against Napoleon before, and was a headmaster of defensive tactics. Ney made many mistakes in the battle, his worst being displace his cavalry to attack hastily, unsupported by infantry. They were slaughtered within minutes. Despite the bewilderment attack by the Prussians and organization of the Quadruple Alliance helping defeat Napoleon at Waterloo, the British would still have defeated Napoleon due to his own personal doubts, faults and down fall.In conclusion, Napoleons rise to power was clouded his mind that he failed to realize the possibilities of defeat. Napoleon was lethargic and this was the fountain why he fell from power. However, Napoleon can be seen as a great lieutenant. His military talents led him to many victories. His victories led him to capture a dictator of France who influenced the French. Napoleon was a strong man and disdain his ambiguity, he is considered a man of war.