Tuesday, 12 March 2019
Woodrow Wilson was a politician, scholar, activist, and an thinkinglist who believed that there is no cause half so sacred as the cause of a mint. at that place is no idea so uplifting as the idea of the service of humanity. barely he was alike considered a racist. A. The Child Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born declination 28, 1856 at Staunton, Virginia one of four children to Joseph Ruggles Wilson and Janet Wilson who were of Scottish descent. His family moved to Augusta, Georgia a grade by and by his birth and then in 1870 moving to capital of S come outh Carolina and later moved to Wilmington in 1884.Woodrow later drop his first name, Thomas. B. The assimilator He got his early education from a few ex-Confederate soldiers who set up some schools after the Civil war and his father who taught him religion, literature and British history. At sixteen years of age, Wilson go to Davidson College, North Carolina for one year and later drop out of college due to his health. In 18 75, he attended a College of sensitive Jersey which is now known as Princeton University where he received in 1879.Later that year he studied integrity at the University of Virginia but left school again due to own(prenominal) reasons. He continued his studying law on his own after returning home of Wilmington, North Carolina. He set up a legal practice with a friend from the University of Virginia in 1882 and passed the Georgia deflect Exam. Later, he left the practice of law and decided to continue his education at John Hopkins University, Baltimore. There he was enrolled as a potash alum student in history and political science and earned his PH. D in 1886.With his research study, he do the dissertation known as Congressional Government A Study in American Politics. In this dissertation, Wilson argued about the power the congressional governing has over a rachitic postwar Presidency and for a constitutional change of separation of powers between Congress and the Preside nt to that of the British Parliament. In the final year of his graduate school, Wilson, at 28 years old, married Ellen Louise Axson, in Savannah, Georgia. They had terzetto daughters in their life together, Margaret, Jessie, and Eleanor.Woodrow Wilson became an instructor at Bryn Mawr College from 1885 to 1888 education political economy and universal law. He then accepted professorship at Wesleyan University in Connecticut, teaching history for two years. After 1890, he went back to Princeton University teaching political economy and law. From 1902 1910, Woodrow Wilson served as President of Princeton University. Wilsons tenure helped stamp Princeton into one of Americas great universities. C. The Governor Wilson ran for governor of late Jersey accepting the conservative Democrats proposal and win the democratic nomination.He shocked the politicians by declaring independence of the political bosses and later won the critical victory over the Re unexclusivean opponent and beg an his reforms against the political bosses. During two year period, Wilson had pushed legislation to allow voters to choose their candidates rather than having fellowship bosses choose as well as secure reform for try finances. He also made release for Workers Compensation for families whose working member is injured or killed on the job as well as improve the public utility commission to improve rates.During his epoch as Governor of New Jersey, many progressive leaders took interest in Wilson as a potential Presidential candidate, especially the Democrat William Jennings Bryan. D. The President Woodrow Wilson narrowly won the Democratic nomination in 1912 putting him against President Taft of the republicans, Theodore Roosevelt of the Bull moose Party, and Eugene Debs of the Socialist Party. Wilson on his platform presented a program called the New exemption which busted up corporate monopolies to allow the chance for competition to keep monopolies from controlling the Federa l government.Wilson won the election with 41. 9% becoming the twenty-eighth President of the fall in States. Few reforms he first put out was the tax reform, The Underwood Act which had lowered rates from 40% to 27%, as well as creating the first federal income tax with the passage of the 16th Amendment. In 1914, Ellen Louise Axson, Wilsons wife and First Lady, died from Brights disease. In 1915, Wilson married Edith Bolling Galt, who happens to be a widow at the time which made her the 2nd First Lady.With the Election of 1916 coming, the main focus came to ignite about the War in Europe, which Wilson macrocosm the Democratic candidate with marshal as his running mate, bent on neutrality of keeping the United States out of the European War. His opponents were the reunited Republican Party with Charles Evan Hughes of New York as their candidate. Wilson called for war forge preparedness as well as a world link of peace for maintaining peace after the war in Europe ends, as well as women suffrage, and ending child grok. Democratic delegates also came up with the chant, He kept us out of war as the campaign slogan.Wilson had narrowly won the election in November with 49. 4% vote and 277 electoral vote compared to Hughes 46. 2% vote and 254 electoral vote. E. The Racist Wilson initiated his segregation efforts dapple president of Princeton University, he discouraged ingloriouss from applying for admission. Wilsons floor of the American People (1901) describe the Ku Klux Klan of the late 1860s as a wide-open re legal action to a lawless period. Wilson wrote that the Klan began to attempt by intimidation what they were not allowed to attempt by the vote or by any ordered course of public action.Wilson considered African American immigrants unfitting for American citizenship and unable to integrate in the American society. He made this very evident in his book, History of the American People. Wilson described knuckle downs as indolent and compared them t o shiftless children and thought that slave masters were patient with these lazy laborers. Woodrow Wilson disapproved of the idea of African American being free. He usual related them to animals and commonly referred to blacks as darkies.Wilson held the common neo-Confederate linear perspective that the South was demoralized by Northern advocates and Congressional hassle of black equality justified extreme measures to reassert white supremacist national and fix governments. Though in 1912, an extraordinary number of African Americans left the Republican Party to vote for Wilson (a Democrat), encouraged by his promises to support minorities, Wilsons storage locker expanded racially segregationist policies. Under Woodrow Wilson administration, nearly federal government offices were segregated in some departments for the first time since 1863.Many African American employees were demoted or fired. Some segregationist federal workplace policies introduced by the Wilson administration remained until the Truman Administration in the 1940s. In 1914, Wilson told The New York Times, If the colored people made a mistake in voting for me, they ought to correct it. F. The usual Administrator Wilson believed Public Administration was government in action it is the executive, the operative, the most visible side of government, and is of course as old as government itself.He was fretful about the implementation of government so he studied public administration because he believed that it could increase governmental efficiency. He condemned political leader who modulated the importance of government administration and made it .. harder to run the constitution than to frame it. Woodrow Wilson thought that the United States required greater compromise because of the diversity of public opinion. He compared administration to a machine that functions independent of the changing mood of its leaders.Wilson put it, public attention must(prenominal) be easily directed, in each c ase of good or bad administration, to just the man deserving of praise or blame. There is no danger in power, if only it be not irresponsible. If it be divided, dealt out in share to many, it is obscured. II. Conclusion In 1919, Wilson suffered a thump while on a speaking tour in Pueblo, Colorado, devising him unable to carry out his Presidential duties effectively. After leaving office, he retired in Washington DC where he spent the remaining three years of his life before passing away on February 3, 1924.He is the only President to be buried in the National cathedral in Washington DC. He changed the Democratic Party to a party of reform as well as changing foreign insurance policy to internationalism from isolationism. He also left cigarette the Federal Reserve, the tariff reduction, federal regulation of business, as well as support for the labor unions. He helped prepare the United States for its role in the world with creating the league of Nations only for the US to joi n its predecessor the United Nations. Woodrow Wilson left behind an idea that would fuel for global peace.