Monday, 12 November 2012

Medical Practice In Ancient Babylonia and Chinese Medicine

Then, upon subsequently separating again, the rivers merge at the Shatt elArab. This gives the region an hourglass shape, dividing it into turn down and Upper Mesopotamia. It was in Lower Mesopotamia, that Babylonian culture arose (Sigerist, 1955, p. 379).

Between somewhat 10,000 to 4,000 B.C. humans ripe from food gatherers to food producers and mesolithic cultures were gradually succeeded by the beginnings of civilization. perchance one of the most important developments was the domestication of wheat and barley in the Near and Middle Eastan area which includes Mesopotamia. By about 8,000 B.C., the region's climate had settled into a pattern corresponding to that which exists today: the lowlands were mostly hot and dry; whereas, during the winter, the hills received exuberant rainfall to support the cultivation of wheat. Where the land was sufficiently fertile, permanent settlements arose (Bronowski, 1973, p. 64). Better food supplies gave fancy up to larger universes. Rates of population growth change magnitude even more rapidly about 4,000 B.C. when animal power was hitched to the plow. These changes brought about a need for organization. At first, authority within settlements lay with the elders. It was the elders who maintained order by applying tribal tradition to the conduct of daily life. No long-range constrained by the need to search for food, many village inhabitants could devote their energies to more progressive endeavors. The first literate societies emerg

Obviously, in certain respects, Babylonian medicament and Traditional Chinese Medicine were similar. Both incorporated religious belief and magic. Whereas the Babylonians had numerous gods, the Chinese had their own religious beliefs. In addition, some(prenominal) cultures thought that evils spirits, or demons, could cause illness. Babylonian medicine appears to pre witness much of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Since the Babylonians were an inherently cosmopolitan culture, these facts whitethorn suggest that ancient Babylon's influence stretched all the way to the far-off East.

The history of these cultures is rather complicated. It involved a number of diverse tribes, both large and small. The first period of Mesopotamian history, from about 3,000 to 2,400 B.C.
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, is cognize as the Classical Sumerian Age. People of this time were highly religious. They believed in a god, or gods, who resided in a tabernacle at their city's center. The next period, from 2,400 to 2,000 B.C. is usually called the SumeroAkkadian Age. This period involved increased trade with neighboring states. It wasn't until about 2025 B.C., that Mesopotamia was invaded from the east by the hatful of Elam, and from the west by the Amorites. The Amorites invaded Babylon and made it their capital. Its local god, Marduk, was identified with the cosmic deity, Enlil, Lord of Storm (Sigerist, 1955, p. 410). Marduk was worshipped over all lands controlled by the Babylonian government. Of the Amorite kings, the greatest was Hammurabi. He fought a thirty years' struggle with Elam, defeated Larsa, Eshunna, and Mari in the south and west, and Assur in the north. His rule gave rise to the "Golden Age of Babylonia." As scholars migrated from neighboring areas, the sciences and higher encyclopedism flourished. Classical literature, great epics, mythological tales, hymns and prayers, medical books, and divination texts were collected, reissued, and sometimes translated (Sigerist, 1955, p. 386387).

Another, more obvious behavior whic
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