Wednesday, 14 November 2012

Western culture

By the 600s, Gregory the Great would consolidate the authority of the Pope. This analysis will discuss some of the seismic disturbance of these religions on Western civilization and culture in the almost 11 years following this consolidation of Papal power. The extend of Rome and the establishment of Constantinople as the capital of the Eastern papist Empire were known as the Byzantine Empire. The Catholic church building resisted efforts at reunification. By 800, Charlemagne ruled Western Europe. Pope social lion III crowned him the new Roman Emperor to nurture Rome from the Byzantine army. To this day the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches remain separate.

Religion influence many cultures from legal philosophy to entertainment. Singing is part of every culture but as Gordon notes, it was religion that originated singing, "For the first fifteen hundred years of the topical era, the history of singing is inexorably tied with the history of the Christian church. Singing was such(prenominal) an important part of early Christian worship that the ritual and music developed together and became roughly inseparable" (1). Religion also influenced the economy and politics as kings would often conflict with Popes over authority and lawmaking. During the Middle Ages such conflicts would escalate.

During the Middle Ages (900-1300) religion beard to exert a preponderant influence over civilization and culture. Advances in

Western civilization timeline. Available: hypertext transfer protocol://www.uncg.edu/cex/courses/felts/timeline.htm, 2002.

Wright, D. F. The harvest-time of early Christianity. Christian History, Winter 1998: 1-3.

Comparative timeline: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Available: http://faculty.ucr.edu/~andrew/western/comparative_timeline.htm, 2002: 1-3.

Throughout all of these periods in history religion played a dominant role in establishment the economies, politics, laws and social behavior of cultures. From rules regarding marriage to religious interference with kingship, the church service played a dominant rule in dictating the morals and mores of society.
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From Diocletian's edict against Christianity in 303 to the rise of Protestantism in Europe, religion influenced virtually all aspects of society and culture. This was true even in cost of entertainment. For example, ostentatious display and ornamental singing were prohibited by the church. Church singing maintained restrictions on the dress, manner, and style of singers. However, during the conversion the rise in popularity and new forms of entertainment like opera house would provide singers with an outlet for singing that was not ruled by the church. Thus, even the forms of entertainment available to cultures in this time-span were highly influenced by religion and the Church. The religious wars that erupted numerous times over this equal time-span were responsible for devastating many cultures and entire civilizations. Crusades, persecutions, missionary efforts, and inquisitions were utilize as tools to help promote the authority or high quality of one religion over another. What this produced was a separatist instrument in religion and society as contrary religions and different populations of believers conflicted, "To Christians, the effects of Christianity may face good, while to unbelievers they may seem bad" (Russell 3). This superiority factor and separatist factor continue to cause conflict among major religious groups in the modernistic
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